Algorithmic scoring in the west is primarily used by companies for credit checking and marketing purposes, but the range of scoring uses and applications is rapidly expanding. Not only is A.I. enhancing scoring capabilities, but scoring technologies are being paired with other technologies—such as biometrics and facial recognition—to further evaluate and score a wide range of human behaviors for various uses.

Meanwhile, the technology is fast outpacing efforts to develop standards, codes, and regulations to protect privacy and address ethical considerations, or ensure that collected data is trustworthy and not inadvertently biased. Pretty scary when you consider that China’s algorithmic scoring last year identified 13 million of its citizens as “untrustworthy.”